And among the most talked-about trends in recent years is, of course, sustainability. In centre stage, and under the spotlights of every production, every process, every business, every use.
The fashion textile industry is responsible for 10% of the planet's pollution, putting it in second place after the petrochemical industry in the list of most polluting sectors in the world.
Every year, 100 billion garments are produced, with a consumption of 62 million in 2020: this figure will reach 102 million by 2030.
The impact of the textile industry on the environment is enormous, and constantly growing.
The production cycle has a water consumption of around 1500 billion litres a year, and is responsible for 92 million tonnes of waste: the products of the textile industry take up 5% of landfills around the globe.
As well as waste, the sector causes long-lasting environmental damage to aquatic, terrestrial and atmospheric ecosystems due to emissions of greenhouse gases, pesticides and dyes, and discharge of effluents, which contain both dyes and caustic solutions.
Fortunately, for a few years the issue of sustainability has been becoming an integral part of the corporate strategies of many brands, both luxury ones and also, finally, certain fast fashion chains.
Every year, we take part in launches of special collections, new materials and concrete actions from stylists. The sector is investing in research and development in order to reduce impact, starting from materials, processing, finishing, machinery, waste disposal, recycling and re-use.
Even separate waste collection for used clothing has value. It can be done in thousands of ways: first and foremost, by reusing. Currently organised spontaneously, from 2025 a requirement will come into force for the institution of separate waste collection for textile waste in the EU. And Italy has brought the date forward to the 1st January 2022.
But the movement for sustainable fashion is a movement that promotes change within the fashion industry, addressing not only the ecological integrity and sustainability of fashion textiles and products, but also social justice from the point of view of the producers and the final users.
The standards for sustainability cannot fail to include respect for workers.